Argh. It cannot be possessive with an apostrophe. Nope nope nope.

Now for a small rant.

I was reading through a self-published book, and every time I see “It’s,” it’s like stubbing my toe. And no, it is not being used as it is. It is being used as if IT is possessing some thing. It’s nose. It’s big fat word. No, no no no no.

Authors: Do a word search on your manuscript. Search for it’s and It’s. Every time you see one and it does not mean “It is,” rip out the apostrophe, throw it on the floor, and stomp it to death. Please. Each time you use it in a possessive sense, a kitten dies.

Also, homophones.



Ancient Romans in Fantasyland? What?!

I recently signed up for a test of Amazon Prime, and there are many free books attached to that test.  I began to read Stiger’s Tigers (Chronicles of An Imperial Legionary Officer Book 1). The selection criteria: First, free (borrowed, as they say at Amazon), second, it had an officer in Roman armor on the cover. The guy is wearing a lorica segmentata, and the sword is worn on the left (milites wear theirs on the right), and he has on a helmet with a fore-aft crest. That’s semi-accurate, I suppose – there is no evidence officers wore anything but chain or scale mail rather than the segmented armor, but they could wear whatever they wanted. And that means the cover was okay, but that segmentata niggled at me. (Yes, this is going to be a nitpicking post. That’s just how I was made. It’s a character flaw.)

Beyond the art abilities of the artist, though, is what’s in between that makes the book accurate or not accurate to a Roman simulation. As you may not know, I have a hobby of Roman reenacting, and that involves putting on accurate reproductions of armor and weapons (and sometimes making them) and then going on hikes or standing about at presentations to teach people about Rome’s armies.  I’d say I have a few dozen hours of time wearing a lorica segmentata (just like the one on the cover). I’m fairly knowledgeable about the grunt in the field, although I also seek to expand my knowledge as I go. There’s always something new to acquire and learn.

With that in mind, I began to read. Within a few hundred words, there was an anomaly: The main character is accompanied by an elf. Beyond that, the titles of the military ranks were modern- captain, lieutenant, sergeant, general.  The elf thing told me that whatever the cover might tell me, the insides weren’t classic Rome. The modern ranks also telegraphed some differences.

I read on, because I wasn’t going to be that big of a stickler. Obviously, we’re in a fantasy, a sort of “What if the Roman Legions were plunked down into a fantasy world?”  They’d take over, of course. Anyway, I settled down to see if things would be worth reading, and was reminded of a sort of napoleonic kind of army, at first.

Things managed to change within a chapter or two, and then we see the men training. And they’re training right, with heavy practice shields and swords. However, practice shields were wicker with weighted frames.  “Wicker work was utilized for the construction of practice shields. These were designed to be double the weight of the normal battle shield.” (Pg. 247, Bishop, M.C. and Coulston, J.C.  Roman Military Equipment from the Punic Wars to the Fall of Rome, second edition. Havertown: Oxbow Books, 2006.) M.C. Bishop is a leading authority in the field of Roman archeology, and I believe this statement is based off the writings of Pliny the Elder.

Okay, so the author took some liberties. Or, perhaps, wicker wasn’t available to the fantasy legions. I like to give some leeway, though it’s apparent from my reading that the author got huge swaths of Roman stuff correct, and that means he was no slouch of a researcher. So why get this thing wrong? I don’t know.

And the other big sin was that he had the legions locking shields together. There’s only one time the men “lock” shields, and that’s to form a testudo, which is designed to keep arrows out. There are no mechanisms for the shields to lock together or even be operated in close proximity.  You need space between you and the guy to your right or left to fight. If you have your shields in tight, then you simply cannot fight effectively.  Figure that about a foot gap between each miles, and you’re golden.

I passed this one off as, “eh, it’s fantasy. He can have locking shields if he wants.”

It occurred to me that maybe this was a case of legions-out-of-time-and-space thing, like Harry Turtledove did in one of his books.  And legions in space was done in, I believe, in Janissaries by Jerry Pournelle. So back in the mists of time, the legions maybe were portalled in to wherever-the-heck-we-are and they’re using the systems and materials they found there.  Tactics change over time, as well, so maybe these guys found locking shields to be a good thing.

Nah. Doesn’t work for anyone except ancient Greeks and the Macedonians in their phalanxy glory.

As for the titles, this could be a function of the author making it easier for us to grasp the roles of the people involved, so instead of centurio, we get captain, and instead of optio, sergeant, etc.

And does the captain have greaves, or a vitus staff? Nope.  So those things are missing.

So, for overall historicity, the thing gets 8 stars out of 10. He was so close, but then that locking shields thing knocks off 2 stars.  Everything else is spot on.  I wish, however, he’d put some of his guys in chain mail (lorica hamata) because those things were as common as dirt and much easier to wear than a segmentata. And he ought to put his officers in scale or chain mail.  Throw in some phalarae and you’re good to go.

For Romans in a fantasy world, though, it’s excellent. Because, it’s fantasy. You don’t have the same rules as real life, and you can do stuff like locking shields, wrong armor, and wooden practice shields. Toss out the rules! 😀

I picked up book 2 and 3 of the series, and read through those in successive days, and it’s clear that the author did a lot of setup and preparation for the later books to come together.  Plotwise, it’s got the hero character with a destiny stamped all over it, and while the predictability of that plot will be obvious to anyone, it’s still a good read overall.  I can’t knock a guy for using a tried and true formula. That’s just smart writing, and I suspect Mr. Edelheit is making a few dollars on his books, he is.

I enjoyed the series, and will read the next couple of books he publishes.




Anne McCaffery and impossible Pern

I finished reading the Harper Hall series. They were satisfying small bites, and buying the actual books meant I wasn’t raging about the poor quality of the e-reader transcriptions. That’s a big deal. How can you tell if the author cares about you?  No typos. No line editing problems.

For those of you not familiar with the series, it’s sci-fi/fantasy.  Fantasy because the science behind it all is flimsy at best and laughable at its worst. Before you go all commenty on me, consider: If you have a planetary mass that is close to another planetary mass, you get the interesting effects of gravity. Thus, tides with oceans, right?  But this mass apparently is close enough that stuff (thread) breaks free of the bad planet’s gravity when it’s close to Pern and it bridges the zillion mile gap to land on the poor Pernian heads, thus the development of telepathic dragons to combat it.

Wait, did I say the mass is close enough to have thread bridging the gap between the planets?

And apparently vacuum and extreme cold and extreme heat and radiation do not kill thread. Assuming that Pern has an atmosphere like Earth (and by all means, the planet of Pern is a clone of Earth in many ways… everything operates the same as if it were Earth), then space outside of Pern is either in unshielded sunlight or shaded from sunlight, and we get two extremes.

How extreme? According to Angela Libal, 120 C in sunlight and -100 C in shade. Not much can withstand that, right?

“This solar radiation heats the space near Earth to 393.15 kelvins (120 degrees Celsius or 248 degrees Fahrenheit) or higher, while shaded objects plummet to temperatures lower than 173.5 kelvins (minus 100 degrees Celsius or minus 148 degrees Fahrenheit).”

The Temperatures of Outer Space Around the Earth, by Angela Libal, accessed November 10, 2016.

Plus, we have the effects of radiation itself, beyond just its heat properties.

Throw in re-entry in the atmosphere where temps get up to 3000º, and now we’re talking impossibilities.

Back to planets, masses, gravitic attraction, and tectonic plates. Something big and close is going to create massive upheaval in the plate tectonics. Beyond mere earthquakes.

At least Anne has fantastic characterization and plot. But she gets an F on science.

My Characters are Writing my Book

Of course, my characters don’t know a single damned thing about plot structure. They also are pleasure seekers and conflict avoiders.

I fired them all.  Never put your characters in charge of their destiny. They’ll make stupid decisions which make for book that will be rightly titled, “Wallpaper: A plot without conflict.”

Nah, there’s a better way.

Writing is such orthodoxy.

I was reading Story Engineering, of course, and looking at structure, and I’m encouraged because I think I know how to write the next book, and in record time. I know how to write, but this whole plot thing evaded me.  Until now. Thanks for the recommendation, Kristen.

And then I read this over at Larry’s Blog:
Larry Brooks at Story Fix – Writing in a corset

He’s not actually wearing a corset to write. At least, I don’t think so.

It’s a fun read, as long as you’re not a pantser. If you are a pantser, put on the nomex pants for that blog.

Story Engineering Day 23? 24?

Still reading Larry Brooks excellent book Story Engineering. I was bogged down in some legal ethics homework, really fun stuff, but I’ve decided to put my nose to the grindstone and see if I can finish Mr. Larry’s work and start creating based on that template. I’m 60% through and we’re talking about the MOST IMPORTANT PART OF THE BOOK. No arguments, either, or out of the book you’ll be.  Anyway, the MIPOTB is the FIRST PLOT POINT. 

Yeah. So go put that in your structure pipe and smoke it. Or whatever people do these days. Vape. Something.

Am I the only one who wants to line edit Nigerian spam?

Seriously! I get these emails, and I think, “Yanno, for five bucks, I’d edit your email so it seemed legitimate.” Then again, I don’t want to help fraud. And I also get that these guys are trying to defraud someone using a non-native language. (It’s encouraging that Nigerians are learning English, however, even if it is for criminal purposes. Imagine the schools over there: “You need to learn this language so when you’re older, you’ll be able to create better fraud letters on the internet.”)

Then again, there’s an interesting book idea: What if one of these scams was actually true, and there was some guy who decided to give me a million dollars?

I’m pretty certain they’d probably send me a telegram instead of an email. Or even snailmail something to me.

Look at the latest offering. In it, Mrs. Robin Sanders has kindly offered to help me with my beneficiary’s application, which Glenda Ward is trying to steal by claiming to be me (grrrrr). Luckily, Robin’s got my back:

Attn; Beneficiary,

I am Mrs Robin Sanders, Former U.S.A Ambassador to Nigeria. With reference to your entitlement fund and inline with the CHANGE OF BENEFICARY’S APPLICATION, signed by Mrs. Glenda F. Ward with your purported authorization. This issue has been carefully examined and we have declined Mrs. Ward’s application as the application lacks regular signature. But Did you ever instruct Mrs Glenda F. Ward to claim your fund worth US$7.000.000? Below is the bank account information provided by Mrs Glenda F. Ward saying that you authorized her to claim your fund that you are terminally ill.

  2. BANK ADDRESS: Kerrville Texas 78028 USA 3. ACCOUNT #: 3202650 4. ROUTING #: 114922443

If you had not authorized the change of your bank account in respect to your outstanding entitlement Payment, therefore notify me immediately as the notification / declaration was supported with a sworn affidavit from Lagos high court ref: ilk /jj/202/k2015, dated 28th August 2016 and signed by Mrs. Glenda Ward who claim and stated in the sworn declaration that you authorized her to claim the said fund on your behalf to a different bank account in the U.S.A as stated above because you were terminally ill and the Doctor who is incharge of your case stated that you will not stay more than one Month before passing away.

This development has caused lots of discrepancies in your payment file that is why we had to suspend your payment and prompted to contact you directly before re-validating your payment. You can be rest assured that I will do everything within my capacity to successfully actualize the quick transfer of your fund to any of your nominated bank account.

Kindly get back to me as soon as possible so that I will direct you on what to do.

Sincerely Yours
Mrs Robin Sanders
Fmr. U.S Ambassador